Custom middleware groups in Laravel

In Laravel, middleware is used to filter HTTP requests entering your application. Middleware can perform various tasks such as authentication, rate limiting, and logging, among others. Laravel allows you to group your middleware into custom middleware groups. This allows you to apply multiple middleware to a route or a group of routes in a single line of code.

Middleware is used to handle HTTP requests before they are passed to the corresponding controller method. Middleware provides a convenient way to filter and modify requests and responses.Define the middleware for your custom middleware group. You can add middleware to your custom group by specifying the middleware class or function in an array.

Code Reusability

By defining middleware groups, you can reuse sets of middleware across multiple routes or controllers. This promotes the DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle and helps keep your codebase clean and maintainable.


Laravel applications often have various groups of routes or controllers that require specific middleware for authentication, permissions, logging, etc. Custom middleware groups allow you to organize and manage these different sets of middleware efficiently.


When you apply a custom middleware group to a route or controller, it makes the code more readable and expressive. It’s easier to understand the purpose and intention behind the middleware by referring to the named group.

In addition to the default middleware groups provided by Laravel, you can also create custom middleware groups. Custom middleware groups are a collection of middleware that you can apply to specific routes or controllers. To create a new middleware group, add a new key to the $middlewareGroups property. The key should be a string that represents the name of your custom middleware group.